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Rating: 3.8/5 (109 votes cast)

Theme: 8BB Teaching and learning: Principles
Abstract Title: Medical students reflection on the effect of learning methods and cognitive achievement in congenital heart disease
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Authors

  • Sorawit Pongpittayut
  • Yaowalak Jariyapongpaiboon

Institution

  • Medical Education Center Chiangrai Prachanukroh Hospital(MECCR)- Pediatrics - Chiangrai - Thailand
Background

Thai medical school curriculum requires Congenital Heart Disease (CHD) to be taught in the clinical year of medical school training. There are concerns about the difficulty of teaching CHD to medical students because of its complicated content. This study aims to assess medical students’ learning methods regarding CHD knowledge.

Summary of Work

‚Äč The 6th year medical students at the MECCR were assessed by a multiple-choice questions (MCQ) test which focused on CHD knowledge: pathophysiology, physical examination,diagnostic criteria and treatment. Following each question, medical students were asked to reflect on their learning methods derived from the answers.

Summary of Results

‚ÄčThere were 24 medical students who completed the MCQ test. The learning methods that  had an effect on medical students were evaluated  by getting the correct answer of CHD knowledge (graph 1). Lecture-based learning and bedside teaching were the most effective learning methods on the subject of pathophysiology, diagnostic criteria and treatment, while bedside teaching and self-directed study were more effective on physical examination topic (graph 2). However, the difference between the learning methods for each subject was not statistically significant. 

 

Conclusion

Lecture-based learning and bedside teaching were more suitable for CHD teaching to the medical students due to its complicated content. On-the-job learning and self-directed study were also effective in the different aspects of knowledge. 

Take-home Messages

Designing students’ learning methods should be properly arranged regarding the complexity of the content. 

Background
Summary of Work
Summary of Results

Conclusion
Take-home Messages
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